English Grammar - Rules and Explanations

Here you'll find rules and explanations on various aspects of English Grammar.

There are 191 Grammar pages available at the moment, with short and simple explanations which are easy to remember.

We have a special table with all English tenses.

Here you will find detailed explanations on the English tenses:
Simple Present
Present Progressive
Simple Past
Past Progressive
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Progressive
Past Perfect
going to-future
will-future

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Example
Adjectives
Adjectives Mandy is a careful girl.
Adverbs
Adverbs Mandy drives carefully.
a/an
the
Articles
Articles This is a book.
Look at the board.
Auxiliaries
Modal Auxiliaries I am playing football.
Conditional Perfect Progressive
Conditional II Continuous
Conditional Perfect Progressive I would have been working.
Conditional Perfect
Conditional II Simple
Conditional Perfect I would have worked.
Conditional Progressive
Conditional Continuous
Conditional Progressive I would be working.
Conditional
Conditional I
Conditional Simple
Conditional Simple I would work.
Conjunctions
Conjunctions and Fillers I like tea and coffee.
Future Perfect
Futur II
Future Perfect Simple
Future Perfect I will have played football by tomorrow.
Future Perfect Progressive
Future Perfect Continuous
Future Perfect Progressive I will have been playing football for an hour by 10.30.
Future Progressive
Future Continuous
Future Progressive I will be playing football next Sunday.
Genitive s
Apostrophe s
Possessive s
Genitive s Ronny's brother
Gerund
Gerundium
-ing form
Gerund I enjoy playing football.
going to-future
going to-future I'm going to play football this afternoon.
if-clauses
Conditional sentences
Conditional clauses
Conditional sentences - if If I study, I will pass the test.
If I studied, I would pass the test.
If I had studied, I would have passed the test.
Imperative
Imperative Go home!
Indirect speech
Reported speech
Reported Speech Susan says that she works in an office.
Susan said that she worked in an office.
Infinitive
Infinitive Gagarin was the first to fly in a spaceship.
Long forms, short (contracted) forms
Langformen, Kurzformen We aren't from London.
Modals
Modal auxiliaries
Modals You mustn't do that.
Nouns
Nouns Your hair looks lovely.
Passive voice
Passive voice Cameras are built in Japan.
Past Perfect Progressive
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Progressive I had been playing football when Susan came.
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Simple
Simple Past Perfect
Past Perfect I had played football when Susan came.
Past Progressive
Past Continuous
Past Progressive I was playing football the whole evening.
Personal pronouns
Personal pronouns We read a book.
Plural
Plural Here are five books.
Possessive determiners
Possessive pronouns
Possessive pronouns This is my book.
Prepositions
Prepositions The books are on the desk.
Present Perfect Progressive
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Progressive I have been playing football for 2 hours.
Present Perfect
Simple Present Perfect
 
Present Perfect (simple form)
Present Perfect I have just played football.
Present Progressive
Present Continuous
Present Progressive I'm playing football now.
Questions with question words
Questions with question words Where are the girls?
When do you watch TV?
Question tags
Question tags You are John, aren't you?
Reflexive pronouns
self, each other
Reflexive pronouns They help each other.
Relative pronouns
who, which, whose, that
Relative pronouns My house, which has a blue door, needs painting.
Relative clauses without relative pronoubs
Contact clauses
Contact clauses This is the boy I met at the party yesterday.
Short answers
Short answers Are you English? - Yes, I am.
Simple Past
Past Simple
Simple Past I played football yesterday.
Simple Present
Present Simple
Simple Present I play football every week.
Singular
Singular/Plural Here is one book.
some, any, much, many
Quantifiers
Quantifiers There are some apples left.
Tenses
Tenses I play football.
I am playing football.
I played football.
I have played football.
I will play football.
...
this, that - these, those
Demonstrative pronouns
this, that - these, those This is Pat and that is John.
Verbs
Verbs We sing a song.
will-future
Futur I
Future Simple
will-future I will play football next week.
Word order
Word order They play handball in the gym every Monday.
Yes/No questions
Questions without question words
Yes/No questions Are you from England?
Do you speak French?
English
Learning English
E-Learning
Holidays in England
Changing of the Guard
Golden Gate
Study English
Learning
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