English Grammar Online – Reference and Explanations – Learning English

Here you'll find rules and explanations on various aspects of English Grammar.

There are 191 Grammar pages available at the moment, with short and simple explanations which are easy to remember.

We have a special table with all English tenses.

Here you will find detailed explanations on the English tenses:

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Grammar Terms Topic on englisch-hilfen.de Examples
  • Adjectives
Adjectives Mandy is a careful girl.
  • Adverbs
Adverbs Mandy drives carefully.
  • a/an
  • the
  • Articles
Articles This is a book.
Look at the board.
  • Auxiliaries
Modal Auxiliaries I am playing football.
  • Conditional Perfect Progressive
  • Conditional II Continuous
Conditional Perfect Progressive I would have been working.
  • Conditional Perfect
  • Conditional II Simple
Conditional Perfect I would have worked.
  • Conditional Progressive
  • Conditional Continuous
Conditional Progressive I would be working.
  • Conditional
  • Conditional I
  • Conditional Simple
Conditional Simple I would work.
  • Conjunctions
Conjunctions and Fillers I like tea and coffee.
  • Future Perfect
  • Futur II
  • Future Perfect Simple
Future Perfect I will have played football by tomorrow.
  • Future Perfect Progressive
  • Future Perfect Continuous
Future Perfect Progressive I will have been playing football for an hour by 10.30.
  • Future Progressive
  • Future Continuous
Future Progressive I will be playing football next Sunday.
  • Genitive s
  • Apostrophe s
  • Possessive s
Genitive s Ronny's brother
  • Gerund
  • Gerundium
  • -ing form
Gerund I enjoy playing football.
  • going to-future
going to-future I'm going to play football this afternoon.
  • if-clauses
  • Conditional sentences
  • Conditional clauses
Conditional sentences - if If I study, I will pass the test.
If I studied, I would pass the test.
If I had studied, I would have passed the test.
  • Imperative
The Imperative in English Go home!
  • Indirect speech
  • Reported speech
Reported Speech Susan says that she works in an office.
Susan said that she worked in an office.
  • Infinitive
Infinitive Gagarin was the first to fly in a spaceship.
  • Long forms, short (contracted) forms
Langformen, Kurzformen We aren't from London.
  • Modals
  • Modal auxiliaries
Modals You mustn't do that.
  • Nouns
Nouns Your hair looks lovely.
  • Passive voice
Passive voice Cameras are built in Japan.
  • Past Perfect Progressive
  • Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Progressive I had been playing football when Susan came.
  • Past Perfect
  • Past Perfect Simple
  • Simple Past Perfect
Past Perfect I had played football when Susan came.
  • Past Progressive
  • Past Continuous
Past Progressive I was playing football the whole evening.
  • Personal pronouns
Personal pronouns We read a book.
  • Plural
Plural Here are five books.
  • Possessive determiners
  • Possessive pronouns
Possessive pronouns This is my book.
  • Prepositions
Prepositions The books are on the desk.
  • Present Perfect Progressive
  • Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Progressive I have been playing football for 2 hours.
  • Present Perfect
  • Simple Present Perfect
  • Present Perfect (simple form)
Present Perfect I have just played football.
  • Present Progressive
  • Present Continuous
Present Progressive I'm playing football now.
  • Questions with question words
Questions with question words Where are the girls?
When do you watch TV?
  • Question tags
Question tags in English You are John, aren't you?
  • Reflexive pronouns
  • self, each other
Reflexive pronouns They help each other.
  • Relative pronouns
  • who, which, whose, that
Relative pronouns My house, which has a blue door, needs painting
  • Relative clauses without relative pronoubs
  • Contact clauses
Contact clauses – no relative pronouns This is the boy I met at the party yesterday.
  • Short answers
Short answers Are you English? - Yes, I am.
  • Simple Past
  • Past Simple
Simple Past I played football yesterday.
  • Simple Present
  • Present Simple
Simple Present I play football every week.
  • Singular
Singular/Plural Here is one book.
  • some, any, much, many
  • Quantifiers
Quantifiers There are some apples left.
  • Tenses
Tenses I play football.
I am playing football.
I played football.
I have played football.
I will play football.
  • this, that - these, those
  • Demonstrative pronouns
this, that - these, those This is Pat and that is John.
  • Verbs
Verbs We sing a song.
  • will-future
  • Future I
  • Future Simple
will-future I will play football next week.
  • Word order
Word order They play handball in the gym every Monday.
  • Yes/No questions
  • Questions without question words
Yes/No questions Are you from England?
Do you speak French?