Simple Past/Past Simple - Brief version

Simple Past
Summary
Use
Signal words
Form of affirmative, negative sentences and questions
Spelling
Special verbs
Diagram
Pronunciation of the ending -ed
Simple Past - Complex Test 1
Exercises - Simple Past
Exercises - Irregular verbs

Use

1) action finished in the past

I visited Berlin last week.


2) series of completed actions in the past

First I got up, then I had breakfast


3) together with the Past Progressive/Continuous - The Simple Past interrupted an action which was in progress in the past.

They were playing cards when the telephone rang.


Signal words

yesterday, last week, a month ago, in 2002


Form

- with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed
- with irregular verbs: 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs


Examples

Affirmative sentences:

regular verbs irregular verbs
I played football. I went to the cinema.
We visited Alaska last year. We were in Rome yesterday.

Negative sentences:

You must not negate a full verb in English. Always use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of to do) for negations.

I   played football.
I play football.
He play football.

Questions:

Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of to do).
Did you play football?
Did he play football?

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