- Present Perfect
- Signal words
- Form of affirmative, negative sentences and questions
- Special verbs
- Long forms and short forms
- Present Perfect - Complex Test 1
- Exercises - Present Perfect
Present Perfect - Use
1) Result of an action in the past is important in the present
I have cleaned my room.
2) Recently completed action
He has just played handball.
3) State beginning in the past and still continuing
We have lived in Canada since 1986.
4) together with lately, recently, yet
I have been to London recently.
just, yet, never, already, ever, so far, up to now, recently, since, for
have/has + past participle
|I have cleaned my room.
I've cleaned my room.
|You have cleaned your room.
You've cleaned your room.
|I have not cleaned my room.
I've not cleaned my room.
I haven't cleaned my room.
|You have not cleaned your room.
You've not cleaned your room.
You haven't cleaned your room.
In the Present Perfect we put the auxiliary (have or has) before the subject
(Auxiliary - Subject - Verb - Rest). see: Questions in Present Perfect
|Have I cleaned my room?
||Have you cleaned your room?