Present Perfect

Present Perfect
Summary
Use
Signal words
Form of affirmative, negative sentences and questions
Spelling
Special verbs
Diagram
Long forms and short forms
Present Perfect - Complex Test 1
Exercises - Present Perfect

Present Perfect - Use

1) Result of an action in the past is important in the present

I have cleaned my room.


2) Recently completed action

He has just played handball.


3) State beginning in the past and still continuing

We have lived in Canada since 1986.


4) together with lately, recently, yet

I have been to London recently.


Signal words

just, yet, never, already, ever, so far, up to now, recently, since, for


Form

have/has + past participle


Examples

Affirmative sentences:

I have cleaned my room.
I've cleaned my room.
You have cleaned your room.
You've cleaned your room.

Negative sentences:

I have not cleaned my room.
I've not cleaned my room.
I haven't cleaned my room.
You have not cleaned your room.
You've not cleaned your room.
You haven't cleaned your room.

Questions:

In the Present Perfect we put the auxiliary (have or has) before the subject
(Auxiliary - Subject - Verb - Rest). see: Questions in Present Perfect

Have I cleaned my room? Have you cleaned your room?
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