Questions in the Present Perfect

1. Questions without question words in the Present Perfect

Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't)
Have you done the shopping? Yes,
No,
No,
I
I
I
have.
have not.
haven't.
Has Jane played basketball? Yes,
No,
No,
she
she
she
has.
has not.
hasn't.
Have they been in Canada? Yes,
No,
No,
they
they
they
have.
have not.
haven't.

2. Questions with question words in the Present Perfect

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
How often have you tried to download the file? I have tried to download the file three times.
How long have they lived in Ottawa? They have lived in Ottawa since 2009.
Where has he been?   He has been at home.

► Use has with the 3rd person singular (he, she, it) and in all other persons have.

Use the verb in the past participle:

  • regular verbs: infinitive + -ed
  • irregular verbs: 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs