Form of the Present Perfect

How do we form the Present Perfect?

We form the Present Perfect with have and the past participle *
(regular verbs: infinitive + -ed; irregular verbs: 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs)

has → 3rd person singular (he, she, it)
have → all other forms

* past participle:

  • regular verbs → infinitive + -ed
  • irregular verbs → 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs

1. Affirmative sentences in the Present Perfect – regular verbs

  • I have opened the window.
  • You have opened the window.
  • He has opened the window.
  • She has opened the window.
  • It has opened the window.
  • We have opened the window.
  • You have opened the window.
  • They have opened the window.

2. Affirmative sentences in the Present Perfect – irregular verbs

  • I have gone to the supermarket.
  • You have gone to the supermarket.
  • He has gone to the supermarket.
  • She has gone to the supermarket.
  • It has gone to the supermarket.
  • We have gone to the supermarket.
  • You have gone to the supermarket.
  • They have gone to the supermarket.

► We use has in the 3rd person singular (he, she, it).

3. Negative sentences in the Present Perfect – regular verbs

  • I have not opened the window.
  • You have not opened the window.
  • He has not opened the window.
  • She has not opened the window.
  • It has not opened the window.
  • We have not opened the window.
  • You have not opened the window.
  • They have not opened the window.

4. Negative sentences in the Present Perfect – irregular verbs

  • I have not gone to the supermarket.
  • You have not gone to the supermarket.
  • He has not gone to the supermarket.
  • She has not gone to the supermarket.
  • It has not gone to the supermarket.
  • We have not gone to the supermarket.
  • You have not gone to the supermarket.
  • They have not gone to the supermarket.

Contracted forms in the Present Perfect