Present Perfect

1. Verwendung des Present Perfect

1.1. Resultat von Handlungen ist in der Gegenwart wichtig

I have cleaned my room.
(Ich habe mein Zimmer sauber gemacht. – Es ist jetzt sauber.)

1.2. Handlungen, die gerade abgeschlossen wurden

He has just played handball.
(Er hat gerade Handball gespielt. – Jetzt ist das Spiel vorbei.)

1.3. Vorgänge/Zustände begannen in der Vergangenheit und dauern bis in die Gegenwart an

We have lived in Canada since 1986.
(Wir leben seit 1986 in Kanada. – Wir leben jetzt immer noch in Kanada.)

1.4. häufig zusammen mit lately, recently, yet

I have been to London recently.
(Ich war kürzlich in London.)

2. Signalwörter im Present Perfect

  • just
  • yet
  • never
  • already
  • ever
  • so far
  • up to now
  • recently
  • since
  • for

3. Bildung des Present Perfect

have/has + past participle*

4. Beispiele

4.1. Bejahte Sätze im Present Perfect – regelmäßige Verben

Langformen Kurzformen
I have cleaned the room. I've cleaned the room.
You have cleaned the room. You've cleaned the room.
He has cleaned the room. He's cleaned the room.

4.2. Bejahte Sätze im Present Perfect – unregelmäßige Verben

Langformen Kurzformen
I have gone home. I've gone home.
You have gone home. You've gone home.
He has gone home. He's gone home.

4.3. Verneinte Sätze im Present Perfect – regelmäßige Verben

Langformen Kurzformen
I have not cleaned the room. I've not cleaned the room.
I haven't cleaned the room.
You have not cleaned the room. You've not cleaned the room.
You haven't cleaned the room.
He has not cleaned the room. He's not cleaned the room.
He hasn't cleaned the room.

4.4. Verneinte Sätze im Present Perfect – unregelmäßige Verben

Langformen Kurzformen
I have not gone home. I've not gone home.
I haven't gone home.
You have not gone home. You've not gone home.
You haven't gone home.
He has not gone home. He's not gone home.
He hasn't gone home.

* past participle:

  • regelmäßige Verben → Infinitiv + -ed
  • unregelmäßige Verben → 3. Spalte der Tabelle der unregelmäßigen Verben