How to put active sentences with two objects into passive

Passive - Explanations
Summary
Active - Passive (Sample word)
Active - Passive (Sample sentence)
Active sentence - Passive sentence (two objects)
by-agent
Questions in Passive
Personal Passive - Impersonal Passive
Verbs with prepositions in Passive
Exercises - Passive voice

Active sentences with two objects in passive

When there are two objects in an active sentence, there are two possible active sentences and two possible passive sentences.

possibility 1: The professor gave the students the books.
possibility 2: The professor gave the books to the students.

There are two objects in each of the following sentences:
object 1 = indirect object: the students
object 2 = direct object: the books

An indirect object is very often a person, a direct object a thing. When a direct object is followed by an indirect one, we put to in front of the indirect object.

active sentence - possibility 1
subject verb indirect object direct object
The professor gave the students the books.

active sentence - possibility 2
subject verb direct object indirect object
The professor the books to the students.


Each of the objects (direct and indirect) can be the subject in the passive sentence.

passive sentence - possibility 1
subject verb object (by-agent)
The students were given the books. (by the professor).

passive sentence - possibility 2
subject verb object (by-agent)
The books to the students (by the professor).

Possibility 1 is sometimes called Personal passive.

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