Questions in Passive

How do we form questions in Passive voice?

Questions in Passive are formed with to be and the past particple *.

1. Questions without questions words in Passive (Simple Present)

Form of be Subject past participle Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't)
Is the test written in room 311? Yes,
No,
No,
it
it
it
is.
is not.
isn't.
Are grapes grown in California? Yes,
No,
No,
they
they
they
are.
are not.
aren't.

2. Questions with questions words in Passive (Simple Present)

Question word Form of be Subject past participle Rest Answer
Where is the test written?   The test is written in room 311.
Why are grapes grown in California? Grapes are grown in California
because it's warm and sunny.

3. Questions without questions words in Passive (Simple Past)

Form of be Subject past participle Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't)
Was the book taken to the classroom? Yes,
No,
No,
it
it
it
was.
was not.
wasn't.
Were the students taught at home? Yes,
No,
No,
they
they
they
were.
were not.
weren't.

4. Questions with question words in Passive (Simple Past)

Question word Form of be Subject past participle Rest Answer
Where was the book taken?   The book was taken to the classroom.
Why were the students taught at home? The students were taught at home
because the school was closed.

5. Other tenses

Here are some more examples in other tenses. Let's start with the simple forms:

Tense Auxiliary Subject Verb
Present Perfect Has the house been built?
Past Perfect Had the house been built?
will-future Will the house be built?
going to-future Is the house going to be built?
Future Perfect Will the house have been built?
Conditional I Would the house be built?
Conditional II Would the house have been built?

And here are two progessive forms:

Tense Auxiliary Subject Verb
Present Progressive Is the house being built?
Past Progressive Was the house being built?

* past participle:

  • regular verbs → infinitive + -ed
  • irregular verbs → 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs