Passive voice

Passive - Explanations
Summary
Active - Passive (Sample word)
Active - Passive (Sample sentence)
Active sentence - Passive sentence (two objects)
by-agent
Questions in Passive
Personal Passive - Impersonal Passive
Verbs with prepositions in Passive
Exercises - Passive voice

Passive - Use

We only use the passive when we are interested in the object or when we do not know who caused the action.

Example: Appointments are required in such cases.

We can only form a passive sentence from an active sentence when there is an object in the active sentence.


Form

to be + past participle

How to form a passive sentence when an active sentence is given:
- object of the "active" sentence becomes subject in the "passive" sentence
- subject of the "active" sentence becomes "object" in the "passive" sentence" (or is left out)

Active: Peter a house.
Passiv
Passive: A house is built by Peter.


Examples

Active Peter a house. Simple Present
 
Passive: A house is built by Peter.


Active: Peter a house. Simple Past
 
Passive: A house was built by Peter.


Active: Peter a house. Present Perfect
 
Passive: A house has been built by Peter.


Active: Peter a house. will-future
 
Passive: A house will be built by Peter.


Active: Peter a house. Modals
 
Passive: A house can be built by Peter.
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