Questions - English Grammar

Summary - Questions
be (am, are, is) - Questions without questions words and answers
be (am, are, is) - Questions with questions words and answers
Questions with can
Questions with have
Questions with do, does - Simple Present
Questions with did, was, were - Simple Past
Questions with who and what
Short answers
Exercises - Questions

1) Yes/No questions - be

Subject and verb change their position in statement and question.

statement You are from Germany.
question Are you from Germany?

We always use the short answer, not only "Yes" or "No". This sounds rude.

NOTE:
If the answer is "Yes", we always use the long form.
Example: Yes, I am.

If the answer is "No", we either use the long or the contracted form (short form).
Example: No, I am not - No, I'm not.

you from Germany? Yes, I am.
No, I am not.
'm not.
he your friend? Yes, he is.
Peter and John from England? Yes, they are.


2) Questions with question words - be

Question word Verb Rest Answer
Where you from? I'm from Stuttgart.
What your name? My name is Peter.
How Pat and Sue? They're fine.


3) Yes/No Questions and short answers - have

Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary
(+ n't)
you got a cat? Yes, I
you got a new car? No, we
your brother got a bike? Yes, he
you have a cat? Yes, I
you have a new car? No, we
your brother have a bike? Yes, he


4) Questions with question words - have

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
Where you got your ruler? I've got it in my pencil case.
Where you have your ruler?

I have it in my pencil case.



5) Questions without question words in the Simple Present

Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't)
you read books? Yes, I
No, I
Peter play football? Yes, he


6) Questions with question words in the Simple Present

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
What you play on your computer? I play games on my computer.
When your mother go to work? She goes to work at 6 o'clock.
Where you meet your friends? I meet them at the bus stop.


7) Questions without question words in the Simple Past

Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't)
Max play football? Yes, he
No, he
you watch the film yesterday? Yes, I
No, I
to be Subject xxx Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't)
you   in Leipzig last week? Yes, I
No, I


8) Questions with question words in the Simple Past

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
What you do yesterday evening? I did my homework.
When she meet her boyfriend? She met him yesterday.
Where they go after the match? They went to a café.
Question word to be Subject xxxxx Rest Answer
Where you   yesterday? I was at the cinema.


9) Subject question

Question word Verb Rest Subject Verb Object - Place - Time
Who runs to the shop? Peter runs to the shop.


10) Object question

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
Who you like?   I like my mum.
Who Mandy phone last Monday? Mandy phoned her uncle.
Subject question Object question
Who phoned John? Who John phone?
Answer:
Peggy phoned John.
Answer:
John phoned Peggy.
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