Englische Zeiten – Übersicht

Zeitform Signalwörter Verwendung Bildungsweise Beispiele positiv Beispiele negativ Beispiele Frage
Simple Present
  • every day
  • sometimes
  • always
  • often
  • usually
  • seldom
  • never
  • first ... then
  • regelmäßig wiederholte oder gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung
  • Handlungsfolgen
  • allgemeingültige Feststellungen
  • Verben mit statischer Bedeutung (to love, to hate, to think etc.)
  • in futuristischer Bedeutung: Programm bzw. Terminplan
Infinitiv he/she/it + -s I work. I don't work. Do I work?
He works. He doesn't work. Does he work?
I go. I don't go. Do I go?
He goes. He doesn't go. Does he go?
Present Progressive
  • now
  • at the moment
  • Look!
  • Listen!
  • Handlung geschieht im Moment des Sprechens (jetzt)
  • in futuristischer Bedeutung: bereits getroffene Vereinbarung oder bereits feststehender Plan
to be (am/are/is) + Infinitiv + ing I'm working. I'm not working. Am I working?
He's working. He isn't working. Is he working?
I'm going. I'm not going. Am I going?
He's going. He isn't going. Is he going?
Simple Past
  • last ...
  • ... ago
  • in 1990
  • yesterday
  • Handlung hat in der Vergangenheit begonnen und ist abgeschlossen (einmalig, wiederholt, aufeinanderfolgend)
  • regelmäßig: Infinitiv + -ed
  • unregelmäßig: 2. Spalte
I worked. I didn't work. Did I work?
He worked. He didn't work. Did he work?
I went. I didn't go. Did I go?
He went. He didn't go. Did he go?
Past Progressive while
  • häufig eine Handlung, die gerade stattfand, als ein neues Ereignis eintrat
  • Ablauf einer Tätigkeit/ Vorgang in einem bestimmten Zeitraum der Vergangenheit oder zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt der Vergangenheit
was/were + Infinitiv + -ing I was working. I wasn't working. Was I working?
He was working. He wasn't working. Was he working?
I was going. I wasn't going. Was I going?
He was going. He wasn't going. Was he going?
Simple Present Perfect
  • just
  • yet
  • never
  • ever
  • already
  • so far,
  • up to now,
  • since
  • for
  • recently
  • Resultat einer Handlung ist wichtig, der Zeitpunkt der Handlung interessiert den Sprecher dabei nicht
  • Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und bis in die Gegenwart andauert oder deren Auswirkungen bis in die Gegenwart reichen
have/has + past participle (Infinitiv + -ed) oder (3. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben) I have worked. I haven't worked. Have I worked?
He has worked. He hasn't worked. Has he worked?
I have gone. I haven't gone. Have I gone?
He has gone. He hasn't gone. Has he gone?
Present Perfect Progressive
  • all day
  • the whole day
  • how long
  • since
  • for
Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und bis in die Gegenwart andauert ABER: besondere Betonung des Ablaufs, Dauer und Unabgeschlossenheit der Handlung have/has + been + Infinitiv + -ing I have been working. I haven't been working. Have I been working?
He has been working. He hasn't been working. Has he been working?
I have been going. I haven't been going. Have I been going?
He has been going. He hasn't been going. Has he been going?
Simple Past Perfect
  • already
  • just
  • never
  • Handlung, die vor einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt der Vergangenheit angefangen hat, aber bis zu diesem Zeitpunkt oder darüber hinaus andauerte
  • Handlung, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt der Vergangenheit bereits abgeschlossen war
had + past participle (Infinitiv + -ed) oder (3. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben) I had worked. I hadn't worked. Had I worked?
He had worked. He hadn't worked. Had he worked?
I had gone. I hadn't gone. Had I gone?
He had gone. He hadn't gone. Had he gone?
Past Perfect Progressive
  • how long
  • since
  • for
Handlung begann vor einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Vergangenheit und dauerte bis zu diesem (oder darüber hinaus) an – Betonung des Verlaufs, der Dauer dieser Handlung had + been + Infinitiv + ing I had been working. I hadn't been working. Had I been working?
He had been working. He hadn't been working. Had he been working?
I had been going. I hadn't been going. Had I been going?
He had been going. He hadn't been going. Had he been going?
will-future  
  • Vorhersage einer zukünftigen Handlung oder eines zukünftigen Vorganges
  • unabwendbares Ereignis – zukünftiges Geschehen hängt nicht von persönlichen Entscheidungen ab
  • spontaner Entschluss
  • im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze Typ 1
will + Infinitiv I'll work. I won't work. Will I work?
He'll work. He won't work. Will he work?
I'll go. I won't go. Will I go?
He'll go. He won't go. Will he go?
going to-future  
  • bestehende Absicht/Plan
  • logische Schlussfolgerung
to be (am/are/is) + going to + Infinitiv I'm going to work. I'm not going to work. Am I going to work?
He's going to work. He's not going to work. Is he going to work?
I'm going to go. I'm not going to go. Am I going to go?
He's going to go. He's not going to go. Is he going to go?
Future Progressive  
  • Handlung, die zu einem Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft sein wird und bereits zu diesem Zeitpunkt begonnen hat
  • Etwas passiert, weil es gewöhnlich geschieht.
will + be + Infinitiv + ing I'll be working. I won't be working. Will I be working?
He'll be working. He won't be working. Will he be working?
I'll be going. I won't be going. Will I be going?
He'll be going. He won't be going. Will he be going?
Future Perfect Simple   Handlung, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft abgeschlossen sein wird will + have+ past participle (Infinitiv + -ed) oder (3. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben) I'll have worked. I won't have worked. Will I have worked?
He'll have worked. He won't have worked. Will he have worked?
I'll have gone. I won't have gone. Will I have gone?
He'll have gone. He won't have gone. Will he have gone?
Future Perfect Progressive  
  • Handlung, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft abgeschlossen sein wird
  • ABER: besondere Betonung der Dauer dieser Handlung
will + have + been + Infinitiv + ing I'll have been working. I won't have been working. Will I have been working?
He'll have been working. He won't have been working. Will he have been working?
I'll have been going. I won't have been going. Will I have been working?
He'll have been going. He won't have been going. Will he have been working?
Conditional Simple  
  • Handlung, die vielleicht eintreten kann (mehr theoretisch)
  • im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze Typ 2
would + Infinitiv I would work. I wouldn't work. Would I work?
He would work. He wouldn't work. Would he work?
I would go. I wouldn't go. Would I go?
He would go. He wouldn't go. Would he go?
Conditional Progressive  
  • Handlung, die vielleicht eintreten kann (mehr theoretisch)
  • ABER: besondere Betonung der Dauer dieser Handlung
would + be + Infinitiv + ing I would be working. I wouldn't be working. Would I be working?
He would be working. He wouldn't be working. Would he be working?
I would be going. I wouldn't be going. Would I be going?
He would be going. He wouldn't be going. Would he be going?
Conditional Perfect  
  • Handlung, die nicht mehr eintreten kann (es ist zu spät)
  • im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze Typ 3
would + have+ past participle (Infinitiv + -ed) oder (3. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben) I would have worked. I wouldn't have worked. Would I have worked?
He would have worked. He wouldn't have worked. Would he have worked?
I would have gone. I wouldn't have gone. Would I have gone?
He would have gone. He wouldn't have gone. Would I have gone?
Conditional Perfect Progressive  
  • Handlung, die nicht mehr eintreten kann (es ist zu spät)
  • ABER: besondere Betonung der Dauer dieser Handlung
would + have + been + Infinitiv + ing I would have been working. I wouldn't have been working. Would I have been working?
He would have been going. He wouldn't have been going. Would he have been working?
I would have been going. I wouldn't have been going. Would I have been going?
He would have been going. He wouldn't have been going. Would he have been going?

Für Progressive kann auch Continuous stehen. Beachte, dass Signalwörter verschiedene Zeitformen verlangen können. Für die Zeitformen der Zukunft haben wir auf Signalwörter verzichtet, da hier mehrere Zeitformen möglich sind und keine eindeutigen Zuordnungen möglich sind. Überlege also immer, welche Handlung vorliegt.

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