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Englische Zeiten - Complex Test
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Zeitform Signalwörter Verwendung Bildungsweise Beispiele positiv Beispiele negativ Beispiele Frage
Simple
Present
every day

sometimes

always

often

usually

seldom

never

first ... then
regelmäßig wiederholte oder gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung

Handlungsfolgen

allgemein gültige Feststellungen

Verben mit statischer Bedeutung (to love, to hate, to think etc.)

in futuristischer Bedeutung: Programm bzw. Terminplan
Infinitiv
he/she/it + -s
I work.
I don't work.
Do I work?
He works. He doesn't work. Does he work?
I go. I don't go. Do I go?
He goes. He doesn't go. Does he go?
Present
Progressive
now

at the moment

Look!

Listen!
Handlung geschieht im Moment des Sprechens (jetzt)

in futuristischer Bedeutung: bereits getroffene Vereinbarung oder bereits feststehender Plan
to be (am/are/is) + Infinitiv + ing I'm working.
I'm not working.
Am I working?
He's working. He isn't working. Is he working?
I'm going. I'm not going. Am I going?
He's going. He isn't going. Is he going?
Simple
Past
last ...

... ago

in 1990

yesterday
Handlung hat in der Vergangenheit begonnen und ist abgeschlossen (einmalig, wiederholt, aufeinanderfolgend) regelmäßig:
Infinitiv + -ed unregelmäßig:
2. Spalte
I worked.
I didn't work.
Did I work?
He worked.
He didn't work. Did he work?
I went. I didn't go. Did I go?
He went. He didn't go. Did he go?
Past
Progressive
while häufig eine Handlung, die gerade stattfand, als ein neues Ereignis eintrat

Ablauf einer Tätigkeit/ Vorgang in einem bestimmten Zeitraum der Vergangenheit oder zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt der Vergangenheit
was/were + Infinitiv + -ing I was working.
I wasn't working.
Was I working?
He was working. He wasn't working. Was he working?
I was going. I wasn't going. Was I going?
He was going. He wasn't going. Was he going?
Simple
Present
Perfect
just

yet

never

ever

already

so far,

up to now,

since

for

recently
Resultat einer Handlung, der Zeitpunkt interessiert den Sprecher dabei nicht

Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und bis in die Gegenwart andauert oder deren Auswirkungen bis in die Gegenwart reichen
have/has + past participle (Infinitiv + -ed) oder
(3. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben)
I have worked.
I haven't worked.
Have I worked?
He has worked. He hasn't worked. Has he worked?
I have gone. I haven't gone. Have I gone?
He has gone. He hasn't gone. Has he gone?
Present Perfect
Progressive
all day

the whole day

how long

since

for
Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und bis in die Gegenwart andauert

ABER:
besondere Betonung des Ablaufs, Dauer und Unabgeschlossenheit der Handlung
have/has + been + Infinitiv + -ing I have been working.
I haven't been working.
Have I been working?
He has been working.
He hasn't been working. Has he been working?
I have been going. I haven't been going. Have I been going?
He has been going. He hasn't been going. Has he been going?
Simple Past
Perfect

already

just

never

Handlung, die vor einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt der Vergangenheit angefangen hat, aber bis zu diesem Zeitpunkt oder darüber hinaus andauerte

Handlung, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt der Vergangenheit bereits abgeschlossen war

had + past participle (Infinitiv + -ed) oder
(3. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben)
I had worked.
I hadn't worked.
Had I worked?
He had worked. He hadn't worked. Had he worked?
I had gone. I hadn't gone. Had I gone?
He had gone. He hadn't gone. Had he gone?
Past Perfect Progressive

how long

since

for

Handlung begann vor einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Vergangenheit und dauerte bis zu diesem (oder darüber hinaus) an - Betonung des Verlaufs, der Dauer dieser Handlung had + been + Infinitiv + ing I had been working.
I hadn't been working.
Had I been working?
He had been working. He hadn't been working. Had he been working?
I had been going. I hadn't been going. Had I been going?
He had been going. He hadn't been going. Had he been going?
will - future  

Vorhersage einer zukünftigen Handlung oder eines zukünftigen Vorganges

spontaner Entschluss

im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze
Typ 1

will + Infinitiv I'll work.
I won't work.
Will I work?
He'll work. He won't work. Will he work?
I'll go. I won't go. Will I go?
He'll go. He won't go. Will he go?
going to - future  

bestehende Absicht/Plan

logische Schlussfolgerung

be (am/are/is) + going to + Infinitiv I'm going to work.
I'm not going to work.
Am I going to work?
He's going to work.
He's not going to work. Is he going to work?
I'm going to go. I'm not going to go. Am I going to go?
He's going to go. He's not going to go. Is he going to go?
Future Progressive  

Handlung, die zu einem Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft sein wird und bereits zu diesem Zeitpunkt begonnen hat

Etwas passiert, weil es gewöhnlich geschieht.

will + be + Infinitiv + ing I'll be working.
I won't be working.
Will I be working?
He'll be working.
He won't be working.
Will he be working?
I'll be going. I won't be going. Will I be going?
He'll be going. He won't be going. Will he be going?
Future Perfect Simple

  Handlung, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft abgeschlossen sein wird will + have+ past participle (Infinitiv + -ed) oder
(3. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben)
I'll have worked.
I won't have worked.
Will I have worked?
He'll have worked. He won't have worked.
Will he have worked?
I'll have gone. I won't have gone. Will I have gone?
He'll have gone. He won't have gone. Will he have gone?
Future
Perfect
Progressive
  Handlung, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft abgeschlossen sein wird

ABER:
besondere Betonung der Dauer dieser Handlung
will + have + been + Infinitiv + ing I'll have been working.
I won't have been working.
Will I have been working?
He'll have been working. He won't have been working. Will he have been working?
I'll have been going. I won't have been going. Will I have been working?
He'll have been going. He won't have been going. Will he have been working?
Conditional
Simple
 

Handlung, die vielleicht eintreten kann (mehr theoretisch)

im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze
Typ 2

would + Infinitiv I would work.
I wouldn't
work
.
Would I
work
?
He would work. He wouldn't work.
Would he
work
?
I would go. I wouldn't go. Would I go?
He would go. He wouldn't
go
.
Would he
go
?
Conditional
Progressive
  Handlung, die vielleicht eintreten kann (mehr theoretisch)

ABER:
besondere Betonung der Dauer dieser Handlung
would + be + Infinitiv + ing I would be working.
I wouldn't be working.
Would I be working?
He would be working. He wouldn't be working. Would he be working?
I would be going. I wouldn't be going. Would I be going?
He would be going. He wouldn't be going. Would he be going?
Conditional
Perfect
 

Handlung, die nicht mehr eintreten kann (es ist zu spät)

im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze
Typ 3

would + have+ past participle (Infinitiv + -ed) oder
(3. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben)
I would have worked.
I wouldn't have worked.
Would I have worked?
He would have worked. He wouldn't have worked.
Would he have worked?
I would have gone. I wouldn't have gone. Would I have gone?
He would have gone. He wouldn't have gone. Would I have gone?
Conditional
Perfect
Progressive
  Handlung, die nicht mehr eintreten kann (es ist zu spät)

ABER:
besondere Betonung der Dauer dieser Handlung
would + have + been + Infinitiv + ing I would have been working.
I wouldn't have been working.
Would I have been working?
He would
have been
going.
He wouldn't have been going. Would he
have
been working?
I would have been going. I wouldn't have been going. Would I have been going?
He would have been going. He wouldn't have been going. Would he
have
been going?

Für Progressive kann auch Continuous stehen. Beachte, dass Signalwörter verschiedene Zeitformen verlangen können. Für die Zeitformen der Zukunft haben wir auf Signalwörter verzichtet, da hier verschiedene Zeitformen möglich sind. Überlege also immer, welche Handlung vorliegt.

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