Past Perfect

1. Verwendung des Past Perfect

1.1. in Verbindung mit dem Simple Past

Mary had read the book before she watched a film.
(Mary hatte das Buch gelesen, bevor sie einen Film ansah.)

1.2. das deutsche Plusquamperfekt

He had played hockey.
(Er hatte Hockey gespielt.)

2. Signalwörter im Past Perfect

keine eindeutigen Signalwörter

3. Bildung des Past Perfect

had + past participle *

4. Beispiele

4.1. Bejahte Sätze im Past Perfect – regelmäßige Verben

Langform Kurzform
I had played handball. I'd played handball.
You had played handball. You'd played handball.
He had played handball. He'd played handball.

4.2. Bejahte Sätze im Past Perfect – unregelmäßige Verben

Langformen Kurzformen
I had ridden the bike. I'd ridden the bike.
You had ridden the bike. You'd ridden the bike.
He had ridden the bike. He'd ridden the bike..

4.3. Verneinte Sätze im Past Perfect – regelmäßige Verben

Langform Kurzform
I had not played handball. I'd not played handball.
I hadn't played handball.
You had not played handball. You'd not played handball.
You hadn't played handball.
He had not played handball. He'd not played handball.
He hadn't played handball.

4.4. Verneinte Sätze im Past Perfect – unregelmäßige Verben

Langformen Kurzformen
I had not ridden the bike. I'd not ridden the bike.
I hadn't ridden the bike.
You had not ridden the bike. You'd not ridden the bike.
You hadn't ridden the bike
He had not ridden the bike. He'd not ridden the bike..
He hadn't ridden the bike

4.5. Fragen im Past Perfect – regelmäßige Verben

Langform Kurzform
Had I played handball? nicht möglich
Had you played handball?
Had he played handball?

4.6. Fragen im Past Perfect – unregelmäßige Verben

Langform Kurzform
Had I ridden the bike? nicht möglich
Had you ridden the bike?
Had he ridden the bike?

5. Besonderheiten

Achte auf den Bedeutungsunterschied bei der Verwendung von Past Perfect und Simple Past:

Past Perfect Simple Past
The match had started when he arrived.
Das Spiel hatte begonnen, als er ankam.
Simple Past Simple Past
The match started when he arrived.
Das Spiel begann, als er ankam.

* past participle:

  • regelmäßige Verben → Infinitiv + -ed
  • unregelmäßige Verben → 3. Spalte der Tabelle der unregelmäßigen Verben