Conditional sentences - Special types and structures

Conditional sentences (if-clauses, main clauses)
Summary
Type I
Type II
Type III
Special types and structures
Mixed Conditionals
if I were you
will and would in if-clauses
Replacing if - Omitting if - if vs. when - in case vs. if
Conditional sentences (if) - Complex Test 1
Exercises - Conditional sentences (if)

Structure

If-clauses can be clause-initial (1), clause-medial (2) as well as clause-final (3).

(1) If you like, we can catch a movie.
(2) We, if you like, can catch a movie.
(3) We can catch a movie if you like.


Types

Aside from the typical type I, II, III strucure, conditionals can be divided into two categories:
real and unreal conditionals.

Real Condition

If I have money, I spend it. Present Real Conditional - type I
If I had money, I spent it. Past Real Conditional - type I
If I have money, I will/am going to spend it. Future Real Conditional - type I

Unreal Condition

If I had had money, I would have spent it.   Past unreal Conditional - type III
If I had money, I would spend it. I think about spending the money TODAY. Present unreal Conditional - type II
If I had money, I would spend it. I think about spending the money NEXT WEEK. Future unreal Conditional - type II


Special Features

Modal verbs

Main clauses with real conditional tenses can have modal verbs.

If I have money, I can spend it.

You can use could and might instead of would in unreal conditional clauses.

If I had money, I could spend it.
(I would be able to spend it.)
If I had money, I might spend it.
(I would possibly spend it.)
English
Learning English
E-Learning
Holidays in England
Changing of the Guard
Golden Gate
Study English
Learning
>>Deutsche Version
User Online   |  Visitors today (sponsored by www.etracker.de)