Conditional sentences - type III

Conditional sentences (if-clauses, main clauses)
Summary
Type I
Type II
Type III
Special types and structures
Mixed Conditionals
if I were you
will and would in if-clauses
Replacing if - Omitting if - if vs. when - in case vs. if
Conditional sentences (if) - Complex Test 1
Exercises - Conditional sentences (if)

Use

It is impossible to fulfil a condition which is given in the if-clause.

Form

if clause main clause
would + have + past participle
or
could + have + past participle
or
might + have + past participle

Examples

If I had studied, I would have passed the exams.
If I had studied, I could have passed the exams.
If I had studied, I might have passed the exams.

The if-clause can be at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.

If I had studied, I would have passed the exams.
I would have passed the exams if I had studied.
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