will-future and going to-future – shall/will

going to-future and will-future

We use the will-future in written language (especially in newspapers), where in spoken English we often use the going to-future.

spoken → The headmaster is going to close the old gym.

written → The headmaster will close the old gym.

shall and will

We sometimes use shall instead of will in the British English in the first person singular and the first person plural.

In spoken (and in written) English more and more will is used in affirmative sentences nowadays.

We frequently use shall in questions:

Shall I carry this box?