The verb be - auxiliary and main verb

The verb be - long forms and contracted forms
The verb be - auxiliary and main verb
Forms of be - am, are, is - Exercise 1  Exercise 2  Exercise 3
was or were - Exercise
was not or were not - Exercise

The verb be can be an auxiliary verb or a main verb in English.

be as a main verb in the Simple Present (am, are, is)

affirmative negative
I:
I am from England. I am not from England.
he, she, it:
He is from England. He is not from England.
we, you, they:
We are from England. We are not from England.


be as a main verb in the Simple Past (was, were)

affirmative negative
I, he, she, it:
I was here. I was not here.
we, you, they:
We were here. We were not here.



be as an auxiliary verb in the Present Progressive (am, are, is)

affirmative negative
I:
I am reading a book. I am not reading a book.
he, she, it:
He is reading a book. He is not reading a book.
we, you, they:
We are reading a book. We are not reading a book.


be as an auxiliary verb in the passive:

Simple Present: A house is built.
Simple Past: A house was built.
will future: A house will be built.
going-to future: A house is going to be built.

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