Das Verb do – Hilfsverb und Vollverb

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Kann das Verb do Hilfsverb und Vollverb sein?

Das Verb do kann im Englischen sowohl Hilfsverb als auch Vollverb sein.

1. do als Vollverb

1.1. do als Vollverb im Simple Present (do, does, don't, doesn't)

Pronomen bejahter Satz verneinter Satz Frage
I I do my homework. I do not do my homework.* Do I do my homework?*
you You do your homework. You do not do your homework.* Do you do your homework?*
he, she, it He does his homework. He does not do his homework.* Does he do his homework?*
we, you, they They do their homework. They do not do their homework.* Do they do their homework?*

1.2. do als Vollverb im Simple Past (did, didn't)

Pronomen bejahter Satz verneinter Satz Frage
I, he, she, it, we, you, they She did her homework. She did not do her homework.** Did she do her homework?**

1.3. do als Vollverb – past participle (done)

Pronomen bejahter Satz verneinter Satz Frage
I, you, we, you, they We have done the shopping. We have not done the shopping. Have we done the shopping?
he, she, it He has done the shopping. He has not done the shopping. Has he done the shopping?

1.4. do als Vollverb (Present Progressive, Gerund, present participle) – (doing)

bejaht verneint
I am doing my homework. I am not doing my homework.
Doing my homework is not always fun. Not doing my homework is not clever.
I saw Jane doing her homework. I didn't see Jane doing her homework.

2. do als Hilfsverb

2.1. do als Hilfsverb in Verneinungen beim Simple Present

I don't do my homework in the evenings.*

2.2. do als Hilfsverb in Verneinungen beim Simple Past

I didn't do my homework yesterday evening.**

2.3. do als Hilfsverb in Fragen beim Simple Present

Do you like rugby? – Does he like rugby?

2.4. do als Hilfsverb in Fragen beim Simple Past

Did you see Peggy yesterday?
When did you get up this morning?

2.5. do beim verneinten Imperativ (Befehlsform)

Don't sing under the shower.


* Hier verwenden wir do in der Verneinung als Hilfsverb und do als Vollverb.

** Hier verwenden wir did in der Verneinung als Hilfsverb und do als Vollverb.


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