Das Verb be (am, are, is) – Hilfsverb und Vollverb

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Ist be Hilfsverb oder Vollverb?

Das Verb be kann im Englischen sowohl Hilfsverb als auch Vollverb sein.

1. be als Vollverb im Simple Present (am, are, is)

Pronomen bejahter Satz verneinter Satz Frage
I I am from England. I am not from England. Am I from England?
you You are from England. You are not from England. Are you from England?
he, she, it He is from England. He is not from England. Is he from England?
we, you, they They are from England. They are not from England. Are they from England?

2. be als Vollverb im Simple Past (was, were)

Pronomen bejahter Satz verneinter Satz Frage
I, he, she, it I was here. I was not here. Was I here?
we, you, they They were here. They were not here. Were they here?

3. be als Hilfsverb beim Present Progressive (am, are, is)

Pronomen bejahter Satz verneinter Satz Frage
I I am reading a book. I am not reading a book. Am I reading a book?
you You are reading a book. You are not reading a book. Are you reading a book?
he, she, it He is reading a book. He is not reading a book. Is he reading a book?
we, you, they They are reading a book. They are not reading a book. Are they reading a book?

4. be als Hilfsverb beim Past Progressive (was, were)

Pronomen bejahter Satz verneinter Satz Frage
I, he, she, it I was playing games. I was not playing games. Was I playing games?
we, you, they They were playing games. They were not playing games. Were they playing games?

5. be als Hilfsverb beim Passiv

  • Simple Present → A house is built.
  • Simple Past → A house was built.
  • will-future → A house will be built.
  • going to-future → A house is going to be built.

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