Die Zeitformen der Vergangenheit im Englischen – Gegenüberstellung

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1. Verwendung

Simple Past Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Present Perfect** Present Perfect Progressive**
Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit abgeschlossen wurde Handlung dauerte zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt der Vegangenheit an Handlung geschah vor einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Vergangenheit (Plusquamperfekt) s. Past Perfect - aber Betonung des Verlaufs der Handlung
  • Resultat von einer Handlung ist in der Gegenwart wichtig
  • Handung wurde gerade abgeschlossen
  • Vorgang begann in der Vergangenheit und dauert bis in die Gegenwart an
Handlung begann in der Vergangenheit und dauert bis in die Gegenwart an (dabei Betonung des Verlaufs der Handlung)

2. Signalwörter

Simple Past Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Present Perfect** Present Perfect Progressive**
  • last ...
  • ... ago
  • in 2010
  • yesterday
while keine eindeutigen Signalwörter
  • just
  • yet
  • never
  • ever
  • already
  • so far
  • up to now
  • since
  • for
  • recently
  • all day
  • the whole day
  • how long
  • since
  • for

3. Bildung

Simple Past Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Present Perfect** Present Perfect Progressive**
regelmäßig: Infinitiv + ed
unregelmäßig:
2. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben
was, were + Infinitiv + -ing had + past participle* had + been + Infinitiv + ing have/has + past participle* have/has + been + Infinitiv + -ing

* past participle:

  • regelmäßige Verben → Infinitiv + -ed
  • unregelmäßige Verben → 3. Spalte der Tabelle der unregelmäßigen Verben

4. Beispiele

4.1. Bejahte Aussagesätze

Simple Past Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Present Perfect** Present Perfect Progressive**
We were in the USA and visited Alaska last year. Joe was writing an e-mail at 5 o'clock yesterday evening. She had read a comic before she went to bed. She had been
waiting for Jack for 30 minutes when he arrived.
He has lived in Melbourne since 2010. They have been
waiting for him for two hours.

4.2. Verneinte Aussagesätze

Simple Past Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Present Perfect** Present Perfect Progressive**
We were not in the USA and did not visit Alaska last year. Joe was not
writing an e-mail at 5 o'clock yesterday evening.
She had not read a comic before she went to bed. She had not been
waiting for Jack for 30 minutes when he arrived.
He has not lived in Melbourne since 2010. They have not been waiting for him for two hours.

4.3. Fragen

Simple Past Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Present Perfect** Present Perfect Progressive**
Were you in the USA and did you visit Alaska last year? Was Joe writing an e-mail at 5 o'clock yesterday evening? Had she read a comic before she went to bed? Had she been
waiting for Jack for 30 minutes when he arrived?
Has he lived in Melbourne since 2010? Have they been waiting for him for two hours?

** Die beiden Zeitformen Present Perfect und Present Perfect Progressive gehören normalerweise zu den Zeitformen der Gegenwart im Englischen. Da sie sich aber auch auf die Vergangenheit beziehen, haben wir diese beiden Zeiten in beiden Übersichten aufgelistet.


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