Die Zeitformen der Gegenwart im Englischen – Gegenüberstellung

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1. Verwendung

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
  • regelmäßig wiederholte Handlung
  • Handlungsfolgen
  • allgemeingültige Feststellungen
Handlung geschieht im Moment des Sprechens (jetzt)
  • Resultat von einer Handlung ist in der Gegenwart wichtig
  • Handung wurde gerade abgeschlossen
  • Vorgang begann in der Vergangenheit und dauert bis in die Gegenwart an
Handlung begann in der Vergangenheit und dauert bis in die Gegenwart an (dabei Betonung des Verlaufs der Handlung)

2. Signalwörter

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
  • every day
  • sometimes
  • always
  • often
  • usually
  • seldom
  • never
  • first ... then
  • now
  • at the moment
  • Look!
  • Listen!
  • just
  • yet
  • never
  • ever
  • already
  • so far
  • up to now
  • since
  • for
  • recently
  • all day
  • the whole day
  • how long
  • since
  • for

3. Bildung

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
Infinitiv
3. Person Singular (he, she, it) Infinitiv + -s
to be (am, are, is) + Infinitiv + -ing have/has + past participle* have/has + been + Infinitiv + -ing

* past participle:

  • regelmäßige Verben → Infinitiv + -ed
  • unregelmäßige Verben → 3. Spalte der Tabelle der unregelmäßigen Verben

4. Beispiele

4.1. Bejahte Aussagesätze

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
They often play computer games. They are playing computer games now. They have just played computer games. They have been playing computer games for 4 hours.

4.2. Verneinte Aussagesätze

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
They do not play computer games very often. They are not playing computer games now. They have notplayed computer games. They have not been playing computer games for 4 hours.

4.3. Fragen

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
Do they play computer games very often? Are they playing computer games now? Have they played computer games? Have they been playing computer games for 4 hours?

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