Simple Present – will-future – contrasted
Differences and similarities in the Simple Present and the will-future
2. Signal words
||no unambiguous signal words|
|infinitive → 3rd person singular (he, she, it): infinitive + -s||will + infinitive|
4.1. Affirmative sentences
|I read books.||I will read books.
I'll read books
|You read books.||You will read books.
You'll read books.
|He reads books.||He will read books.
He'll read books.
4.2. Negative sentences
|I do not read books.
I don't read books.
|I will not read books.
I won't read books.
|You do not read books.
You don't read books.
|You will not read books.
You won't read books.
|He does not read books.
He doesn't read books.
|He will not read books.
He won't read books.
|Do I read books?||Will I read books?|
|Do you read books?||Will you read books?|
|Does he read books?||Will he read books?|
||no special forms|
In British English we sometimes use shall instead of will for in the first persons (I/we).
6. Both tenses in one sentence
When we talk about the future we use both tenses in one sentences. The will-future is used in the main clause and the Simple Present is used in the subordinate clause.
|main clause (will-future)||subordinate clause (Simple Present)|
|I will phone you||when I have time.|
|They will wait at the church||until the guide comes.|
|We will go shopping||before we visit Lenny.|
|She will text Walter||if the train is late.|