be, do, have and irregular verbs in the Present Perfect

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How to use special verbs in Present Perfect

1. be as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentences Negative sentences Questions
I I have been to Britain. I have not been to Britain. Have I been to Britain?
you You have been to Britain. You have not been to Britain. Have you been to Britain?
he, she, it He has been to Britain. He has not been to Britain. Has he been to Britain?
we, you, they They have been to Britain. They have not been to Britain. Have they been to Britain?

2. do as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentences Negative sentences Questions
I I have done an exercise. I have not done an exercise. Have I done an exercise?
you You have done an exercise. You have not done an exercise. Have you done an exercise?
he, she, it He has done an exercise. He has not done an exercise. Has he done an exercise?
we, you, they They have done an exercise. They have not done an exercise. Have they done an exercise?

3. have as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentences Negative sentences Questions
I I have had a book. I have not had a book. Have I had a book?
you You have had a book. You have not had a book. Have you had a book?
he, she, it He has had a book. He has not had a book. Has he had a book?
we, you, they They have had a book. They have not had a book. Have they had a book?

We often use short/contracted forms/contracted forms with these verbs in spoken English.


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