Use of the Past Perfect
When do we use the Past Perfect?
1. together with the Simple Past
When two past actions are combined – the first action, which was completed before the second one began, is put into Past Perfect.
Mary had read the book before she watched a film.
After Amy had gone home it started to rain.
2. the past equivalent of the Present Perfect
He had played hockey.
|Present Perfect||Past Perfect|
|The bike is new. I have bought it.||The bike was new. I had bought it.|
|Past Perfect – Simple Past||Simple Past - Simple Past|
|The match had started before he arrived.||The match started when he arrived.|