Participles, Participle constructions
- to shorten relative clauses
- to make one sentence out of two
- after verbs of ›perception‹ (e.g. see, watch, hear, listen to, smell, feel)
- after verbs of ›rest‹ and ›movement‹ (e.g. run, go, come, stay, stand, lie, sit)
- after the verb have
- instead of a subordinate clause
- Present participle: an exciting race
- Past participle: excited people
- The cars which are produced in Japan are nice.
The cars produced in Japan are nice.
- I saw the man. He came to the shop.
I saw the man coming to the shop.
- I saw the car coming round the corner.
- The girl sat sleeping on the sofa.
- I have my clothes washed.
- When you go to England you improve your English.
Going to England improves your English.