The Significance of the Frontier in American History

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The Significance of the Frontier in American History

Beitrag von RCK1896 »

guten tag,

ich habe ein kleines problem. ich schreibe am montag ne englisch klausur. bin im 12. jahrgang eines gymnasiums.
ein für unsere arbeit wichtiger text ist mir nicht ganz geläufig, sprich: ich verstehe ihn nicht^^
es wäre äußerst hilfreich wenn mir jemand diesen text auf deutsch übersetzten könnte oder zumindest ein inhaltsangabe dazu geben könnte (bitte auf deutsch! :big_thumb: )
kann ja nicht verkehrt sein. mir würdet ihr sehr helfen und für euch is es ne ganz gute übung :wink:

vielen dank schonmal im vorraus!

hier der text:

The Significance of the Frontier in American History
Said Calhoun in 1817, "We are great, and rapidly -- I was about to say fearfully -- growing!" So saying, he touched the distinguishing feature of American life. All peoples show development: the germ theory of politics has been sufficiently emphasized. In the case of most nations, however, the development has occurred in a limited area; and if the nation has expanded, it has met other growing peoples whom it has conquered. But in the case of the United States we have a different phenomenon.
Limiting our attention to the Atlantic Coast, we have the familiar phenomenon of the evolution of institutions in a limited area, such as the rise of representative government; the differentiation of simple colonial governments into complex organs; the progress from primitive industrial society, without division of labor, up to manufacturing civilization. But we have in addition to this a recurrence of the process of evolution in each western area reached in the process of expansion. Thus American development has exhibited not merely advance along a single line but a return to primitive conditions on a continually advancing frontier line, and a new development for that area.
American social development has been continually beginning over again on the frontier. This perennial rebirth, this fluidity of American life, this expansion westward with its new opportunities, its continuous touch with the simplicity of primitive society, furnish the forces dominating American character. The true point of view in the history of this nation is not the Atlantic Coast, it is the Great West. Even the slavery struggle […], occupies its important place in American history because of its relation to westward expansion.
In this advance, the frontier is the outer edge of the wave -- the meeting point between savagery and civilization.
The American frontier is sharply distinguished from the European frontier- a fortified boundary line running dense populations. The most significant thing about the American frontier is that it lies at the hither edge of free land. In the census reports it is treated as the margin oft that settlement which has a density of two or more to the square mile.
The frontier is the line of most rapid and effective Americanization. The wilderness masters the colonist. It finds him a European in dress, industries, tools, modes of travel, and thought. It takes him from the railroad car and puts him in the birch canoe. It strips off the garments of civilization and arrays him in the hunting shirt and the moccasin. It puts him in the log cabin of the Cherokee and Iroquois and runs an Indian palisade around him.
Little by little he transforms the wilderness, but the outcome is not the old Europe, not simply the development of Germanic germs, anymore than the first phenomenon was a case of reversion to the Germanic mark. The fact is, that here is a new product that is American. At first, the frontier was the Atlantic coast. It was the frontier of Europe in a very real sense. Moving westward, the frontier became more and more American. As successive terminal moraines result from successive glaciations, so each frontier leaves its traces behind it, and when it becomes a settled area the region still partakes of the frontier characteristics. Thus the advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe, a steady growth of independence on American lines.
But the most important effect of the frontier has been in the promotion of democracy here and in Europe. As has been indicated, the frontier is productive of individualism. Complex society is precipitated by the wilderness into a kind of primitive organisation based on the family. The tendency is anti-social. It produces antipathy to control, and particularly to any direct control. The tax-gatherer is viewed as a representative of oppression. The frontier individualism has from the beginning promoted democracy.
From the conditions of frontier life came intellectual traits of profound importance. The works of travellers along each frontier from colonial days onward describe certain common traits, and these traits have, while softening down, still persisted as survivals in the place of their origin, even when a higher social organization succeeded. The result is that to the frontier the American intellect owes its striking characteristics. That coarseness and strength combined with acuteness and inquisitiveness; that practical, inventive turn of mind, quick to find expedients; that masterful grasp of material things, lacking in the artistic but powerful to effect great ends; that restless, nervous energy; that dominant individualism, working for good and for evil, and withal that buoyancy and exuberance which comes with freedom-these are traits of the frontier, or traits called out elsewhere because of the existence of the frontier.

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Re: The Significance of the Frontier in American History

Beitrag von MLS »

RCK1896 hat geschrieben: mir würdet ihr sehr helfen und für euch is es ne ganz gute übung :wink:
Für eine "gute Übung" für uns ist der Text ein bisschen lang, findest du nicht? Wenn du in der 12. Klasse bist, dann solltest du wenigstens grob den Inhalt verstehen können. Mach dir doch selbst erstmal die Arbeit und schreibe dir stichpunktartig auf, was du verstehst. Ist eine gute Übung für dich! ;-) Irgendwas wirst du schon können. Ansonsten kannst du auch Wörter nachschlagen. Wenn dir das mit einem Buch "zu blöd" ist, dann nimm eines der vielen Online-Wörterbücher. Da wirst du fündig.

Wenn du DANN IMMERNOCH große Probleme hast, dann kannst du konkrete Fragen stellen. Ein "ich verstehe alles nicht, macht ihr mal" ist für uns auch nicht so einfach. Das kannst du doch sicher verstehen, oder?

Ich wünsche dir viel Erfolg! :spin: