Langformen und Kurzformen im Englischen

1. to be (am, are, is)

bejaht verneint
Langform Kurzform Langform Kurzform
I am --- I am not I'm not
you are --- you are not you're not
you aren't
he is --- he is not he's not
he isn't
she is --- she is not she's not
she isn't
it is --- it is not it's not
it isn't
we are --- we are not we're not
we aren't
you are --- you are not you're not
you aren't
they are --- they are not they're not
they aren't

2. to be (was, were)

  bejaht verneint
Pronomen Langform Kurzform Langform Kurzform
I, he, she, it I was --- I was not I wasn't
we, you, they we were --- we were not you weren't

3. have (got)

  bejaht verneint
Pronomen Langform Kurzform Langform Kurzform
I, we, you, they I have got I've got we have not got we've not got
we haven't got
he, she, it she has got she's got she has not got she's not got
she hasn't got

4. had (got)

  bejaht verneint
Pronomen Langform Kurzform Langform Kurzform
I, he, she, it, we, you, they I had got I'd got we had not got we'd not got
we hadn't got

5. do

  bejaht verneint
Pronomen Langform Kurzform Langform Kurzform
I, we, you, they I do --- we do not we don't
he, she, it she does --- she does not she doesn't

6. did

  bejaht verneint
Pronomen Langform Kurzform Langform Kurzform
I, he, she, it, we, you, they we did --- we did not we didn't

7. Modalverben (can, could, must, might, will, would, shall, should, ought to)

bejaht verneint
Langform Kurzform Langform Kurzform
can --- cannot can't
could --- could not couldn't
must --- must not mustn't
might --- might not ---
need --- need not needn't
will 'll will not won't
would 'd would not wouldn't
shall --- shall not shan't
should 'd should not shouldn't
ought to --- ought not to oughtn't to

Beachte, dass die Kurzformen 's und 'd jeweils zwei unterschiedliche Langformen haben:

  • he's = he is oder he has
  • he'd = he would oder he had

Kurzformen werden selten nach Namen oder Substantiven verwendet.

  • Peter has got a book. = Peter's got a book.
  • The children have visited London. = The children've visited London.

Ist have ein Vollverb, dann darf keine Kurzform gebildet werden.

  • They have breakfast at 6 o'clock.