Present Tenses in English - contrasted

Present Tenses
Simple Present
Present Progressive
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Progressive
Future Tenses in English - contrasted
Past Tenses in English - contrasted
Exercises

1) Use

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
- repeated actions
- sequence of actions in the present
- things in general
- action happening at the moment of speaking - result of an action in the past is important in the present
- recently completed action
- state beginning in the past and still continuing
- action beginning in the past and still continuing (focus is on the action)

2) Signal words

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive

every day
sometimes
always
often
usually
seldom
never
first ... then

now
at the moment
Look!
Listen!
just
yet
never
ever
already
so far
up to now
since
for
recently
all day
the whole day
how long
since
for

3) Form

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
infinitive
3rd person singular (he, she, it) infinitive + -s
to be (am, are, is) + infinitive + -ing have/has + past participle have/has + been + infinitive + -ing

4) Examples

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
4-1 Affirmative sentences
They often play computer games. They are playing computer games now. They have just played computer games. They have been playing computer games for 4 hours.

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
4-2 Negative sentences
They do not play computer games very often. They are not playing computer games now. They have not played computer games. They have not been playing computer games for 4 hours.

Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive
4-3 Questions
Do they play computer games very often? Are they playing computer games now? Have they played computer games? Have they been playing computer games for 4 hours?
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