The present participle is often used when we want to express an active action.
In English we add - to the infinitive of the verb.
|He isa book.|
|He wasa book.|
|Gerund||books is fun.|
|Participle||Look at theboy.|
|He camearound the corner.|
|He satin the corner.|
|I saw him.|
The present participle is often used when we want to express a passive action.
In English we add - to the infinitive of regular verbs. We use the 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs.
|Perfect tenses||He hasthe pencil.|
|He hadthe pencil.|
|Passive voice||A house is.|
|A house was.|
|Participle||Look at thecar.|
|The caryesterday is blue.|
|He had his car.|
This combination is also known as perfect participle. It is used to form an active sentence with the past participle. There is a time gap between the actions.
past participle and
|read the book the boy came out of the room.||One action happened after the other.|
|The boy came reading out of the room.||Both actions happened at the same time.|