The verb do - auxiliary and main verb

Forms of do - Exercise 1  Exercise 2  Exercise 3
do or does - Exercise 1  Exercise 2

The verb do can be an auxiliary verb or a main verb in English.

do as a main verb in the Simple Present (do, does, don't, doesn't)

affirmative negative
I, we, you, they:
I do my homework in the evenings. I don't do my homework in the evenings.*
he, she, it:
He does his homework in the evenings. He doesn't do his homework in the evenings.*

*Note: Here we use do in the negative sentence as an auxiliary and as a main verb.


do as a main verb in the Simple Past (did, didn't)

affirmative negative
I did my homework in the evenings. I didn't do my homework in the evenings.**

**Note: Here we use did in the negative sentence as an auxiliary and do as a main verb.


do as a main verb - past participle (done)

affirmative negative
I have done my homework. I haven't done my homework.


do as a main verb (Present Progressive, Gerund, present participle) - (doing)

affirmative negative
I am doing my homework. I am not doing my homework.
Doing my homework is not always fun. Not doing my homework is not clever.
I saw Jane doing her homework. I didn't see Jane doing her homework.


do as an auxiliary verb in negative sentences in Simple Present:

I don't do my homework in the evenings.


do as an auxiliary verb in negative sentences in Simple Past:

I didn't do my homework yesterday evening.


do as an auxiliary verb in questions in Simple Present:

Do you like rugby? - Does he like rugby?


do as an auxiliary verb in questions in Simple Past:

Did you see Peggy yesterday?
When did you get up this morning?


do with negative imperatives:

Don't sing under the shower.

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